Kolkata, also commonly known as the “City of Joy” is located in the state of West Bengal on the eastern banks of the famous river Hooghly. Kolkata is one of the many cities in the state that is known for its rich cultural heritage and historical background. Since Kolkata also happened to be one of the first British colonies in the country, there are a lot of architectural marvels in the city that date back to that period. Thus, you are bound to witness historical monuments and buildings that stand as testimony to the same. So, wait no more. Book your Delhi to Kolkata flight ticket as soon as possible because here is a list of historical places in Kolkata that you just cannot miss:
1) Victoria Memorial: The Victoria Memorial is undoubtedly one of the most significant buildings in the city and was erected in honour of Queen Victoria after her death. Built on the banks of the Hooghly River, this memorial was open to the public since the year 1921 and now stands as a museum. The finance for building this memorial was sponsored by the British Government as well as the many Indian States. The Memorial also has 25 different galleries that showcase a lot of artefacts ranging from portraits to sculptures and weaponry. It also gives us a glimpse into the life of the British. There is also a garden which is very beautifully maintained and stretches out for 64 acres.
2) Howrah Bridge: The first thing that would come to a lot of people’s mind when they hear the word Kolkata is definitely the Howrah Bridge. Also known as Rabindra Setu, this bridge was constructed in the year 1942 and is one of the busiest bridges in the world. The length of the bridge is roughly 450 meters and it is suspended only using rivets and it is said that no nuts or bolts were used for its construction. The base of the pillars of the bridge is covered with fibreglass casings to prevent any corrosive damage from taking place.
It is thus one of the best examples of architecture in the country today. You can even rent a boat from the jetty station to enjoy the view of the bridge from the Hooghly River.
3) Writer’s Building: The Writer’s Building is undoubtedly one of the most famous architectural buildings in the city with a rich historical background to it. It was built in 1777 to accommodate the writers of the East India Company and was more of office space.
It also housed the chief minister of West Bengal. However, over the years, the building has been renovated considerably to convert it from a shabby looking office to testimony to the past. It now comprises of 13 blocks that are constructed in a Greco-Roman style with a few Greek Gods and Roman Goddesses on the walls of the building.
4) Birla Mandir: The Birla Mandir is a monument that started construction started in 1970 and after 26 years, was finally completed and opened to the public in the year 1996. Built by the Birla family, this temple is made of sandstone and white marble and is dedicated to the Lord Radha Krishna. Also known as the Lakshmi Narayan Mandir, this temple cost a whopping 180 million rupees to construct, and this itself is one of the reasons why you should definitely visit it. Book your Delhi to Kolkata flight ticket at the earliest, and you can witness this beauty for yourself.
5) Marble Palace: Kolkata is known as the “City of Palaces” and rightfully so. Also known as the Palace of Art, the Marble Palace was built in the year 1835 and originally belonged to a wealthy man by the name of Raja Rajendra Mullick. Even though it is, in fact, a private residence, there are art forms in the castle that are derived from England, Italy and other European countries. This includes sculptures of Buddha, Jesus Christ, Virgin Mary and Christopher Columbus to name a few. The palace is called as the Marble Palace because the walls and the floors are made of pure marble that was imported to the country.
So, go ahead and explore the “City of Joy” and let yourself fall in love with its history!